Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere are often called greenhouse gases. Since the beginning of Industrial Revolution, concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have all risen dramatically because of human activities. Fossil fuel combustion, land-use change, increasingly intensive agriculture, and an expanding global human population are the primary causes for these increases. Other greenhouse gases found in our planet’s atmosphere include water vapor, ozone, sulfur hexafluoride and chlorofluorocarbons.
Governments and businesses worldwide have recognized that urgent action is needed to reduce GHG emissions. As a result, many companies are now calculating their GHG emission inventories and implementing projects to reduce or eliminate GHG emissions from their operations.
A greenhouse gas inventory is an accounting of the amount of greenhouse gases emitted to or removed from the atmosphere over a specific period of time (e.g., one year). A greenhouse gas inventory also provides information on the activities that cause emissions and removals, as well as background on the methods used to make the calculations. The ISO 14064-3:2006 standard specifies principles and requirements, and provides guidance for those conducting or managing the validation and/or verification of GHG assertions.
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